Fort Fleur d’Epée
Fort Fleur d’Epée: Part of Guadeloupe Archipelago’s history
Located in Le Gosier Township (Grande-Terre Island) more precisely in the hills of “Bas-du-Fort”, Fort Fleur d’Epée was erected at the end of the 18th century between 1750 and 1763. Apparently, the name of the fort comes from a famous soldier called Fleur d’Epée who used to live there.
Fort Fleur d’Epée is an historic monument as it played an important role in the military conflict between France and Great-Britain.
During the war of coalition that occurred between 1792 and 1797, the British managed to held the island in April 1794. The same year, a French fleet lead by Victor Hugues landed in Guadeloupe with the intention to take it back. Finally, the French regained full control of Guadeloupe Archipelago in December 1794.
Fort Fleur d’Epée: Vauban style Fortification
Fort Fleur d’Epée is the biggest fortification in Grande-Terre Island. With a length of 150 metres and a width of 45 metres, the fort has a hexagonal shape and a Vauban* style.
*Vauban: Military fortifications designed to protect the borders of France from invaders. The Vauban style was extensively used in the 17th, 18th and early 19th century.
As a former military monument, Fort Fleur d’Epée has three cannons at the entrance. Then, there are many flamboyants on the esplanade which is an ideal place for a stroll.
Museum and Art Gallery
Fort Fleur d’Epée belongs to the General Council of Guadeloupe Archipelago and is listed historic monument since 1979. As a must-see site, the fort still has interesting relics such as the powder store or the kitchen. You will also be able to see the battlements and dungeons which are surprisingly well-preserved.
In addition to simply exploring the fort itself, you will be able to discover the cultural part of Fort Fleur d’Epée by taking several underground passages leading to an Art Gallery. Throughout the year, there are several exhibitions from famous Caribbean or European painters.