Flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago
Diversified and breathtaking Flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago
The Flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago is one of the multiple assets that make this archipelago so beautiful and colourful. There are over 2000 categories of plants, 100 varieties of orchids, 250 different ferns and over 300 species of trees.
The geographic location and climate are the major factors that allow Guadeloupe archipelago to have such a diversified flora. Even though most of the plants are naturally growing out there, many of them have been imported from various countries.
Flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago: Wilderness areas
- The mangrove
The mangrove is an integral part of the Flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago. The multiple mangrove trees are constituting the mangrove swamp ecosystem which is filled with wildlife. Indeed, there are diverse species of invertebrates as well as vertebrates and plant species living there.
Some of the species that mangrove swamps are sheltering are frigatebirds, herons and moorhens. Mangrove trees can live in water up to 100 times saltier than most other plants can tolerate. The Grand and Petit Cul-de-Sac Marin Nature Reserve are places where you can find mangrove swamps in Guadeloupe Archipelago.
- The tropical rainforest
The tropical rainforest is remarkably diverse depending on elevation. There are multiple sub-ecosystems. Lower elevations that go up to 500 metres are highlighting trees including: Courbaril, Red Mahogany and Rosewood. Agriculture in this area such as banana plantations and other food crops are also done there.
Elevations between 300 to 1000 metres cover 80% of the tropical rainforest. This abundant ecosystem features an important diversity of plant species. The largest trees that grow above 30 metres are Acomat boucan, chestnut, tabonuco and white silk-cotton tree.
Bois-bandé and oleander are smaller and grow up to 10 metres. Below 10 metres, you will find shrubs, herbaceous plants as well as epiphytic species including heliconia, ferns and orchids. High elevations above 1000 metres are mostly situated around La Soufrière volcano.
Flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago: Tropical flowers, plants and trees
By the beaches, you will be able to see trees including coconut trees, seagrapes and manchineel trees.
In the category flowers, there are over 100 varieties of orchids as well as an array of colourful flowers. With bright colours, surprising shapes and unusual names, the flowers in Guadeloupe Archipelago are definitely unique.
There are numerous must-visit botanical gardens where you will be able to discover the flora in Guadeloupe Archipelago. Valombreuse Park located in Petit-Bourg Township, Parc des Mamelles or the Botanical Garden in Deshaies Township are places that worth a visit.